Topics > Alcohol

Ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is an intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor. Alcohol is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches. It is a central nervous system depressant that is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream. A standard drink equals 0.6 ounces of pure ethanol, or 12 ounces of beer; 8 ounces of malt liquor; 5 ounces of wine; or 1.5 ounces (a “shot”) of 80-proof distilled spirits or liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, or whiskey).

NIDA: National Institute on Drug Abuse


Alcohol & Health (NIAAA)
Research-based information on drinking and its impact. 

Rethinking Drinking: Alcohol and Your Health (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism)

Overview of Alcohol Consumption (NIAAA)

Harmful Interactions: Mixing Alcohol with Medicines (NIAAA-2007)

Alcohol and Tobacco (NIAAA-2007)

Alcohol and Other Drugs (NIAAA-2008)

The Human and Economic Cost of Alcohol Use in Minnesota (Dept. of Health-2011)

Binge Drinking

Fact Sheets: Binge Drinking (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-2014)

Alcohol Use and Binge Drinking Among Women of Childbearing Age – United States, 2006-2010 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-2012)

Vital Signs: Binge Drinking Among Women and High School Girls – United States, 2011 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-2013)

Adolescent Use/Underage Drinking

Preventing and Treating Adolescent Alcohol Use (JAMA Pediatrics-Furtner & Rivara-2011) pdf

Real Kids are Curious about Alcohol (SAMHSA-2010), Spanish

Report to Congress on the Prevention and Reduction of Underage Drinking (SAMHSA-2012)

Underage Drinking (NIAAA), Fact Sheet (NIAAA-2012)

A Developmental Perspective on Underage Alcohol Use (NIAAA-2009)

Talk. They Hear You. (SAMHSA)

Parenting to Prevent Childhood Alcohol Use (NIH-2013)

Facts about Alcohol and Adolescent Health (NIAAA)

Families with Teens (University of Minnesota Extension-2014)
Resources to help school personnel, counselors, social workers, faith-based staff, parent educators, public health staff, and others work with teens and their families.


STOP Underage Drinking

Too Smart to Start

Young Adult Drinking/College-age Drinking

College AIM: Alcohol Intervention Matrix (NIH-2015)

Focus on Young Adult Drinking (Alcohol Research & Health-2004/5)

College Drinking (NIAAA-2012)

Older Adults

Aging, Medicines, and Alcohol (SAMHSA-2013), VietnameseCambodian/KhmerSpanish

Older Adults (NIAAA)

Alcohol Use in Older People (National Institute on Aging-2012), Spanish

Parental Involvement

Parents – Families with Teens (University of Minnesota Extension)
Resources for use by parents related to alcohol use and young people.

Make a Difference: Talk to Your Child about Alcohol (NIAAA-2009)

Parenting to Prevent Childhood Alcohol Use (NIAAA-2010)

Special Populations

Diversity & Health Disparities (NIAAA)

Alcohol and the Hispanic Community (NIAAA-2011)

Women and Alcohol (NIAAA-2011)