The Prospective Association Between Sipping Alcohol by the Sixth Grade and Later Substance Use

Date: March 2015
Type of resource: Journal Article

Study authors determine that early sipping is associated with elevated odds of risky behaviors at high school entry and dispute the idea of sipping as a protective factor. Offering even just a sip of alcohol may undermine messages about the unacceptability of alcohol consumption for youth.

Energy Drinks, Soft Drinks, and Substance Use among US Secondary School Students

Date: 2014
Type of resource: Journal Article

This study indicates that adolescent consumption of energy drinks/shots is wide-spread, and that energy drink users report heightened risk for substance use. Authors show that prevention efforts among adolescents should include education on the masking effects of caffeine in energy drinks.

Alcohol and Marijuana Use in Middle School: Comparing Solitary and Social-Only Users

Date: December 2014
Type of resource: Journal Article

Results from a survey of 6th and 7th graders suggest that positive expectancies, peer influences, resistance self-efficacy, and normative beliefs may be important areas to target in reducing solitary alcohol use and the risk it poses for problematic use in young adulthood.


Date: June 2015
Type of resource: Data

This report uses data from 2002 to 2013 to indicate that overall alcohol use by people aged 12 to 20 is declining.